Ancient Egyptian Art — Timeless and Beautiful Today

     

    Ancient Egyptian Art is one of the most recognized, admired, and collected art in the history of the world. From delicate gold jewelry to vivid paintings to massive statues dozens of feet tall, for over 5,000 years Egyptian art has fascinated, delighted, and awed generation after generation with its beauty, style, and mystery. While genuine ancient pieces of art are rare and extremely valuable, modern Egyptian artists make beautiful art and jewelry that is inspired by some of the greatest recovered works from ancient sites, and which adheres strictly to the styles used by ancient artists. Jewelry in gold and silver with inlaid stones are fashioned after pieces of jewelry recovered from ancient tombs. Papyrus Paintings are painted in vivid color on genuine papyrus, made using the same principles developed thousands of years ago on the banks of the Nile, where the papyrus plant grows to this day. Paintings are executed in the style of frontal, one of the most striking characteristics of ancient Egyptian Art.

    Frontal

    Frontal is the style in which every known piece of ancient Egyptian art was produced. In paintings, the style of frontal means that the head of the character is drawn in profile, while the body is drawn from a front view. However, even though the face is in profile, the eye is drawn in full, as it would be seen from the front. The legs always face the same direction as the head, with one foot forward and one back.

    Ancient Egyptian figures, especially of gods and pharaohs, are noticeable for their very formal, even rigid stance and posture, but their faces are always serene, regardless of the scene in which they are depicted. There were very strict rules about how a god or pharaoh could be represented, which even included a prohibition against anything being drawn in front of the face or body of the pharaoh, even when the scene depicted required it for any kind of realism. Realism was simply not a goal of ancient Egyptian Art. It is these very formal and stylized rules that have made Egyptian Art one of the most widely recognized forms of art in the world.

    Over thousands of years, Egyptian artists adhered to this one style, which is quite remarkable, especially as compared to the extreme differences in art expression that have occurred in the modern world in just the past 100 years or so. The only acknowledged variations are in the portrayals of animals and common people as compared to the more formal depictions of pharaohs and gods. As can be seen in many Egyptian paintings, animals and common people or slaves are represented more naturally, though still within very strict and formulaic rules.

    This frontal style is the primary reason why ancient Egyptian art is so easily recognizable, and its appeal has lasted through many centuries to this day.

    Source by Ann M. Hession

    Art Deco Movement – The Foundation Stone of Modern Art

     

    ‘Art Deco’ was a mainstream international design movement, spreading over fourteen years, from 1925 to 1939. It played a crucial role in the development and the progression of Modern Art. The Deco Movement embodied a blend of the different modern decorative art styles, largely from the 1920s and 1930s. These styles were the derivatives of several state-of-the-art painting philosophies of the twentieth century, including ‘Neoclassical,’ ‘Constructivism,’ ‘Cubism,’ ‘Modernism,’ ‘Art Nouveau,’ and ‘Futurism.’ The Deco movement influenced various decorative arts, such as architecture, interior designing, industrial designing, and visual art forms like fashion, painting, graphic arts, and cinema.

    The term ‘Art Deco’ was coined in an exhibition, ‘Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes,’ held in Paris, in the year 1925. The exhibition was organized by some French artists to promote the creation of a new genre of art, adapted to the contemporary lifestyle, a distinct sense of individuality, and fine workmanship. The organizers of this exhibition were the members of the society, ‘La Societe des artistes decorators,’ including, Hector Guinmard, Eugene Grasset, Raoul Lachenal, Paul Follot, Maurice Dufrene, and Emily Decour. The term ‘Art Deco’ however, gained widespread recognition only in the year 1968, when art historian Bevis Hiller, came out with his popular book, ‘Art Deco of the 20s and 30s,’ and organized an exhibition, ‘Art Deco,’ at the Minneapolis Institute of Arts.

    This movement was distinguished for its abstraction, manipulation, and simplification of defined geometric shapes, and vivid use of colors. The bold color schemes and blending curves were the focal points of the true ‘Deco’ creations. The so-called ‘ancient arts’ of Africa, Ancient Egypt, and Aztec Mexico, prominently inspired this movement. In the age of machines and streamline technology, the use of materials, such as plastics, enamels, hardened concrete, and an unusual type of glass, ‘vita-glass,’ greatly affected the movement. There is sufficient evidence to indicate the employment of materials, like aluminum, stainless steel, lacquer, inlaid wood, along with exotic materials, like zebra and sharkskin.

    The Empire State Building, famous for its pyramid-like structure, and the Chrysler Building, known for its multi-arched dome, are the living examples of the ‘Deco’ style. The movement even outlined the fashion industry of Paris in the 1920s. The dresses sported large chromium buttons, head-hugging cloche hats worn with huge fur collars, dangling earrings, and so-called ‘bobbed hairstyles,’ all amounting to completely new and revolutionary look. The BBC building in Portland Place and the basement of the Strand Palace Hotel, London are examples of the pure ‘Art Deco’ style. The popularity of this movement took a beating during the late 30s and 40s but regained its lost sheen with the surge in the following of ‘graphic designing’ in the 1980s.

    Source by Annette Labedzki

    Slave Auctions In The Days of Ancient Mighty Rome!


    Ancient auctions in Rome were mainly for the purpose of selling slaves. People that were captured from other countries during their many conquests would be put up for sale no different than if they were a piece of furniture or other wares to be sold. Those who would come to one of these auctions would inspect the slave up for sale probably no different than someone who goes to a car auction and examines the car. Just like cars, slaves came with guarantees, and if the slave had something wrong with them the seller would have to buy the slave back. They had six months in which to do this.

    Those that bought slaves were usually Romans of high standing but on the other hand, those that sold them were not thought very highly of much like what a pimp is considered to be like in today’s standards. The slave traders also did not care how much they degraded the slaves in fact they would generally have the slaves stand totally naked in front of the crowds so that the buyer could see what they were getting. However, if a slave was exceptionally beautiful, they would not be put up for sale in a public market, special auctions would be held for beautiful slaves and the bidding would be done in private.

    Slaves were kept in wooden or iron cages until they were needed for the auction. They would be threatened with the whip and would be hit with a whip if they would not obey. If the slaves were from a different country they needed to be marked with white chalk on one foot so that the buyers would know that they were captured from a different country. The slaves would be fully inspected even down to their teeth before being put on the auction block. They would then place a plaque around their neck that would give the details of who they were, where they were from, their good points, their bad points. This was required by Roman law.

    During the auction, the slaves were displayed so that all could see them, and sometimes they were on a revolving stand. A lot of them would be stripped of their clothes. Even if they came out in clothes a possible buyer could demand their clothes be torn off so they could see what they were buying. If the slave trader had not figured out anything about the slave and couldn’t give any guarantees then the slave had to wear a special cap on their head that alerted buyers to this situation.

    Buyers would discuss the body of the slave in front of everyone as if they were inspecting the engine of a car and they could examine each and every part of the body they felt necessary in order for them to make a decision on whether they wanted to buy them or not.

    The amount of money paid for any slave differed. It all depended upon their age, the skills they had, and other qualities. For instance, if a slave was well educated they would cost about twelve times more than a slave that had no education. Women slaves, unless extremely beautiful would cost far less than male slaves. Romans also loved novelty so if a slave was a dwarf or was mentally handicapped for instance would bring in a lot more money than other slaves.

    Note: Prisoners of war usually had a different fate and that was that they would be forced into being gladiators and the only way to continue to survive was to continue to win their battles.

    Source by Tony Robbinson

    Ancient Egyptian Magic Spells – Bring Miracles to Life in an Ancient Way

    The ancient Egyptian civilization was renowned not only for the architectural wonders like the sphinx and pyramids they built, their pharaohs and mummies, Egyptian gods, goddesses, and astrology but also for the mesmerizing magic they practiced for centuries.

    It was those strange and rhythmic incantations and cosmic invocations chanted by witch doctors and mysterious rites and rituals performed by priests which contribute to the enchanting and heady charm that the ancient Egyptian civilization still holds for many of us.

    The ancient Egyptians, regardless of which social strata they belonged to, were preoccupied with magic spells and charms, with the supernatural and with death. Ancient Egyptian Magic Spells were chanted by magicians, who also made cosmic invocations, to ward off evil spirits, illness, and danger and also to cure ailments.

    In fact, these are the stuff that makes ancient Egyptian culture so mysterious, richly fascinating, and thrilling to millions of romantics around the world.

    Magic Spells

    The Egyptians often referred to the Book of the Dead that had in it some two hundred Ancient Egyptian Magic Spells that could help those familiar with magic and spells, to overcome and defeat the threats posed by the underworld – how to defeat or avoid demons, how to avoid traps, how to overcome fearful wild beasts and so on.

    Among these Ancient Egyptian Magic Spells is a rather potent spell for transformation – a spell that enabled an individual to transform himself into various types of creatures like a honed snake or a mythical phoenix. Just to let you know, to pass the hurdle of the Day of Judgment one required the help of the mysterious spells.

    In order to guarantee safe passage and move through the fearful and scary trials and tribulations laid out by the Underworld, the correct magic spells had to be recited properly. Only then one could gain the passport to enter the next phase – the Hall of Two Truths where people would be judged and examined for all the actions they committed during their mortal lives.

    The magician priests in ancient Egypt had access to strange and secret spells which could make an ordinary ancient Egyptian immortal. Naturally, people in ancient Egypt loved to believe that they could endow life to animal figures and transform living people into bestial creatures and perform other such miracles with the help of Ancient Egyptian Magic Spells.

    It was the Book of the Dead, the Coffin Texts, and the Pyramid Texts which contained most of these magic spells. One of the most important aspects of the Egyptian burial rituals of the ancient times was the casting of spells and wearing of amulets that contained magic spells inside them.

    Source by Jack Daniel Morris

    Pyramids: The Upper Merkaba

     

    Pyramids: The upper Merkaba

    Prologue:

    For hundreds of years, people were mesmerized by the gigantic architecture of Egypt known as pyramids. Lately, we came to know about recent discoveries about these ancient structures. We learned about its astrological and astronomical perspective, its metaphysical aspects, applied mathematics, connection to earth sciences, religious belief, and so on. This is real awe to see these huge geometric elevations with such precision.

    To relate the above statement with truth, I would refer to the recent unveiling of the fact that the pyramid of Giza is eight-sided. We had a different view a few years back. The solar equinox accidentally proved the slight angular bend of the pyramid’s side faces.

    Anyways, I am going to present here another hypothesis which a few learned researchers stated believing about the geometry.

    Merkaba:

    Merkaba does mean a chariot in Hebrew text. Commonly, it depicts the transition or ascension from the body to the spirit with the help of divine light.

    “Mer” means Light, “Ka” relates to the spirit, and “Ba” in the body.

    The Merkaba is a merged geometric structure of two pyramids.

    It falls under sacred geometry and it has its metaphysical aspects.

    In the Bible (Ezekiel 1:4-26), it was described as a four-wheeled chariot which was driven by four Cherubim’s with four wings and four faces. These concepts fall under the school of Jewish mysticism. Ezekiel was taken on this chariot alive. These facts or myths were vastly depicted in Maaseh Merkabah. It also has a relation with ancient alien theory as proposed by many researchers.

    Recent advancements in Merkaba found a definitive relation with our DNA structure. So, in other words, Merkaba can be the geometric model of the building block of modern mankind.

    “Chassidic” philosophy says about the intricate relations of Merkaba with humankind, its ecosystem, and this universe and how to go beyond the physical level.

    The point is:

    Pyramids are a physical form of Merkaba but only the upper section. We have to consider theoretically the upside-down structure. It has accurately mimicked the Merkaba described in ancient texts and helps in elevating human consciousness.

    Researchers say that when they kept burnt-out batteries under a small pyramidal structure cloned accurately form the original one, it gained charge for a few minutes. Even a blunt-edged razor got back its sharpness.

    Meat, vegetables kept under it doesn’t rot. A surge in astral projections is noticed especially for those who have this kind of faculty. Lucid dreaming becomes easy while sleeping under pyramids.

    There is more to it.

    In Indian temple architecture, we see a similar structure though highly ornamented with carvings. It rises from a square base up to a point.

    The 3D structure of a “Shri Yantra” is highly similar to these temples.

    Indian scriptures set a rule for all to visit the temples and sit there in silence for at least 15-20 minutes. This is because the architecture of these temples is made in a way to harness cosmic energies and accumulate under the shrine which is more or less 1/3 of the temple height.

    Strikingly similar to the Indian temples, pyramids do have the same philosophy and it has been proved (not in the laboratory as we are still far from doing it) that it affects human consciousness.

    Merkaba is a visualization that endows power to humans for elevating their “chakra” level or rather the conscious level to a higher dimension.

    Why would such a developed culture, where men were powered with mathematics, astronomy, agriculture, chemistry, medicines and more shall spend their time, effort on building tombs!

    The mystery lies in their glyphs and their silent immobile magnificent designs. They codified an unimaginable secret message in this timed structures. We sent spaced probes that cover distances in search of new lives.

    They built pyramids that traveled through ages with a message hidden in its high precision geometric structures. Ancient Egyptian structures are still traveling in time to find the right stage of civilization that will decipher the code and bring out a truth for which we may still not be ready.

    Experiments:

    Well, it’s not that easy to spend few days under a real pyramid (after all it is not a resort) but we can do some experiments with a mimic of a pyramid (say for instance; the pyramid of Khufu) and perform few experiments. We have to keep in mind that a typical pyramid is theoretically a Merkaba.

    A practice of meditation and active visualization is the major ingredient of these experiments. For the laboratory, we need to have a pyramid made of cardboard or wood (few people have constructed their roofs in the form of a pyramid).

    Conduct simple mathematics and find out the ratio of the lengths and depths (you can easily find in top-level search engines). The angle will remain the same.

    Find out a place to install the homemade pyramid and place it above the ground so that if you sit inside it, your height of the sitting posture should be 1/3 of the pyramid height. (Please do remember that the sarcophagus of the king in the king’s chamber is exactly 1/3 the height of the pyramid)

    Meditate and visualize the Merkaba inside you as a glowing geometrical construct. Meditate upon the consciousness, which is you. Let it flow freely.

    The results will felt by you only.

    Good luck to you all.

    Source by Deepayan Choudhury

    Historical Fiction Set In Ancient Sumer – Secret Of The Scribe By Jennifer Johnson Garrity

     

    I always loved to supplement history studies with historical fiction. I found picture books and novels aplenty while studying Greece and Rome, the Renaissance and Reformation, or the Revolutionary and Civil Wars. But ancient Sumer? The closest I could get was the story of Gilgamesh, but it is an epic, not a novel, and not nearly so appealing to eight- to twelve-year-old girls!

    Actually, both girls and boys alike will delight in Secret of the Scribe, the first historical novel about ancient Sumer I’ve seen. Author Jennifer Johnson Garrity transports the reader back 5000 years to the time of Abraham and the bustling city of Ur. Told in the first person, it’s the story of a young girl, Tabni, who grows up in comfort as a slave to a Sumerian queen-until a great calamity forces her to flee the palace by night and make her way into the world alone.

    Don’t we love The Boxcar Children and My Side of the Mountain, where the courageous protagonists must live resourcefully on their own? This universally appealing theme appears in the Secret of the Scribe as well. As the young scribe, Tabni weaves her narrative, the reader journeys with her by boat down the broad Euphrates River to the Sumerian trade center of Ur, where we experience both the grandeur of the gleaming ziggurat and the stench of narrow back alleys.

    Tabni’s tale draws us in. We feel her grief and hunger as she finds herself homeless in a new world. We discover her pluck and courage as she forms a daring plan while living alone in secret. And we taste Tabni’s fear of vengeance from the many gods she tries desperately to appease.

    In true “historical novel” fashion, Secret of the Scribe teaches the reader about life and customs in Ur-how people in this ancient civilization lived, ate, dressed, worked, and worshipped. Italicized words sprinkled throughout the book point to a glossary of unfamiliar terms, making it easy for the teacher or homeschooling parent to incorporate vocabulary into their Sumerian studies.

    The secret of the Scribe would also make a great springboard into arts and crafts. The book introduces students to Sumerian trades such as weaving, metalwork, jewelry-making, and pottery, opening up all sorts of possibilities for accompanying projects. Trained as a scribe, Tabni writes on clay tablets, suggesting a project that dovetails art with learning about Sumerian cuneiform.

    Source by Kim Kautzer

    Seth the Ancient Egyptian God of Storms and the Desert


    Seth was the ancient Egyptian god of the desert, storms, and mayhem. His name was frequently spelled as Set, Setesh, Sutekh, and City.

    The ancient Egyptian god Seth, was often illustrated as an animal called the Typhonic creature, or Set animal, which was no known animal. The creature was a mixture of animals like a donkey, jackal, and aardvark. The god was also represented by thunder, the desert, and infertility.

    The earliest depiction of Seth was found on a tomb dating to the Predynastic period. An image of the symphonic creature was found on a macehead of the Scorpion King, a protodynastic ruler.

    According to the Heliopolis myth, Seth was born from the sky goddess Nut and the earth god Geb. Seth married his twin sister Nephthys. His brother and sister, Osiris and Isis were twins too and also became husband and wife.

    Ancient Egyptians believed Osiris as a kind and wise king who was happily married to Isis.

    Seth on the other hand was jealous of his brother so much that he killed and dismembered him.

    Isis, Osiris’s spouse, found all the pieces of his body, and brought him back to life, long enough that she could become pregnant with Horus, their son.

    Horus grew up as the enemy of Seth. The two gods eventually fought a great battle. Horus was said to have lost his left eye, and Seth lost his testicles. The loss of his testicles was thought to be the reason Seth was connected with infertility.

    According to the Shabaka Stone, Geb and Ptah divided Egypt into two halves. Upper Egypt (the desert kingdom) was given to Seth and Lower Egypt (the fertile kingdom) was given to Horus.

    It’s unclear whether Horus bested Seth, however in later periods, Seth and Horus were commonly depicted together crowning the new kings of Egypt. This was a sign of the unity of Lower and Upper Egypt. At some point, the gods were integrated, and the dual-god Horus-Seth appeared for a while.

    Seth was also said to guard Ra’s evening barge to the underworld, commonly battling Apep who would sneak in the shape of a snake, turtle, or additional animal.

    Seth was worshipped at the temples of Ombos in Upper Egypt. Seth was also worshipped in Sepermeru, especially throughout the Ramesside Period. There Seth had a temple called House of Seth, Lord of Sepermeru.

    The city of Avaris was among the greatest believers in the god of mayhem and worshipped him even when other ancient Egyptians demonized the god by concentrating on how was abe to murdered his brother Osiris.

    The town of Avaris worshipped Seth from the 2nd Intermediate Period through the Ramesside Period.

    Source by T Tressa

    The Catacombs in Rome – Myths and Facts

     

    Movies and novels have popularized the idea that underground catacombs were used as hiding places for Christians escaping persecution. I learned on my recent visit to Rome that this is a myth. I toured the San Sebastian catacombs, one of nearly sixty catacomb complexes just outside of Rome. Nearly 7 million people were buried in these subterranean chambers between the second and fifth centuries.

    In ancient Rome, burial was not allowed within the city walls so most Romans were cremated. However, Christians preferred burial because they believed in the bodily resurrection of the dead. Christian estate owners outside of the city provided land that could be used for burial. In order to make maximum use of the property, the catacombs were dug very deep. The San Sebastian catacombs had five levels and stretched 17 kilometers.

    The first thing our guide did was turn off the lights so we could experience how pitch-black it would have been in a catacomb. That combined with the 95% humidity and the overwhelming stench of all those rotting bodies would have made it virtually impossible for anyone to hide in a catacomb for long. While the catacombs were being constructed skylights provided ventilation and light but when the building was complete these were closed. Our guide also told us there were detailed blueprints showing the layout of the catacombs. The Romans knew where all the entrances were. If Christians had tried to hide there they would have easily been discovered.

    The catacombs were big business. People paid lots of money to be buried in them especially in a coveted spot close to a martyr. Constantine spoiled that economic opportunity when he endorsed Christianity as the state religion, thus ending martyrdom. If families wanted a painting or a special symbol like a cross, a dove, or a fish on the rock face near the burial spot they had to pay quite a bit extra.

    We toured different kinds of burial sites. Families could purchase an entire room and be buried together. We saw longer shelves in the walls for adults, although not that long, because in the third century the tallest Roman was only five feet. There were larger arched nooks where seven or eight people could be buried together. The kind of burial opening that seemed most prevalent was the small one for children. The infant mortality rate at the time was very high.

    The catacombs continued to be used till around 540 when barbarian Goths and Vandals began attacking Rome making it too dangerous to leave the city for burials. It became more common for people to be buried in or near the churches and basilicas inside Rome. These invaders looted the catacombs and many were flooded over time. By the 8th century, most of the saintly relics from the catacombs had been moved to churches in Rome and the catacombs were abandoned. They were rediscovered by accident in 1578 but it wasn’t until the late 1800s that Italian archeologists began excavating them. This was dangerous work. Our guide told us one archeologist got lost in a catacomb maze for five days and nearly died.

    Five Roman catacomb complexes have been partially opened and fortified to make them safe for visitors. Mussolini gave control of the catacombs to the Catholic Church in 1929 so they are in charge of maintaining the sites now. Having only seen the catacombs vicariously in movies like Angels and Demons I appreciated the opportunity to tour them in person and learn both the myths and facts about them.

    Source by MaryLou Driedger

    The Secrets Of Ancient Egyptian Vision Boards

    In ancient Egypt when a child was born into royalty it was common for the family to start work on the child’s pyramid right from birth. The pyramids were the tombs where the royal child would be placed to rest.

    None of this is new.

    What is interesting though is that in addition to building the pyramids, the inside walls of the pyramid would be covered in art.

    Some of this religious and ritualistic but…

    What they would also do is paint visions of the child’s future. Images of them being great leaders, winning wars, bringing prosperity to the city!

    These were painted into the pyramids right from birth… it was their version of a vision board.

    So you see vision boards aren’t new at all AND more importantly, if it’s been used for that long there must be something to it!

    Images Are The Language Of The Unconscious Mind

    The reason for vision boards being around for centuries is that it is well known that this is the way to communicate directly to your unconscious mind.

    The powerful part of your mind that makes your heartbeat, and controls things like when you blink, memories, and lots more.

    It is also the part of you that will make your goals a reality… if you can communicate to it in the right way.

    One of the easiest ways to send messages to your unconscious is to build your very own vision board.

    These can be images you have cut out from magazines that represent your goals or can be drawings that you have done. They don’t have to be hugely artistic.

    You’re the only person who will be seeing this and given that you know what the drawing meant to you – that is more than enough.

    You would then put all the images together into a collage on a board or cardboard. You can even make a smaller version in your journal.

    It is up to you how you want to lay out the vision board, my goals, in a structured manner, or just a jumble of all images!

    There is no wrong way – just do what works best for you!

    Once built you should then put the vision board somewhere you will see it daily – above your computer, in your bedroom. Somewhere you go to regularly where you will see the board daily if not more than once a day.

    Then all you need to do is once maybe twice a day ( or as much as you can) spend some time looking at the images, imagining yourself having achieved the goals, and FEELING what it’s like to have achieved those goals.

    The feeling is what magnetizes the visions into reality so make sure you focus on how it would feel to achieve the goals.

    It’s as simple as that.

    In a matter of hours you too can have your vision board, a powerful tool to communicate with your unconscious passed down from ancient Egypt!

    Source by Vincent Gray

    How to Find the Cheapest Scrap Platinum

     

    The oldest record of platinum use is as an inlay in ancient Egypt. However, the Egyptians thought it was a variation of electrum, (a natural blend of gold and silver.) Native Americans used it for centuries in small decorative objects. Platinum was unknown to Europeans until the Spanish discovered it in Columbia. The Spanish called it Platina, meaning little silver. It was not identified as a new metal until the 1700s. The metal was introduced into Europe from South America in the middle of the eighteenth century. It is always found in association with other metals, chiefly Rhodium, Osmium, Iridium, Palladium.

    Platinum is one of the rarest and purest precious metals in the world. The perfect jewelry material for these fortuitous times, Platinum is regarded by many as a “new” metal. Platinum has been held in high regard as a symbol of wealth and nobility, the true worth of Platinum was underappreciated until the eighteenth century, when the Europeans began to recognize Platinum’s beauty. France’s Louis XVI proclaimed it the only metal fit for royalty. Legendary jewelers such as Cartier, Faberge, and Tiffany created their timeless designs in platinum. The world’s famous diamonds, including the Hope and Kohl-Noor, are secured permanently in platinum.

    Platinum reached its peak of popularity in the early 1900s when it was the preferred metal for all fine jewelry in America. It dominated the world of jewelry design during the Edwardian era, the Art Deco period, and well into the 1930s. At the onset of World War II, however, the U.S. government declared platinum a ‘strategic’ metal, and its use in non-military applications, including jewelry, was banned.

    Very few countries have platinum supplies, with South Africa (80%) and Russia (11%) accounting for approximately 90% of the world’s supply. The yearly production from these mines is only 150 tons, which is 1/25 of the yearly production of gold. Moreover, the amount of platinum that can be produced from raw ore is relatively small. To make a single small ring of approximately 3 grams requires approximately 1 ton of raw ore.

    Today, platinum is much more valuable than gold. Although it is used in many industrial applications, including the automotive industry, platinum jewelry consistently commands higher prices than even pure gold because of its rarity.

    Two of the best ways to find the cheapest scrap platinum is through catalytic converters and scrap platinum jewelry. Due to the prices of platinum being so high as of late, a lot of people are becoming victims of thieves who steal their catalytic converters. It used to be you had to worry about your rims, stereos and GPS systems, well not anymore.

    A catalytic converter is used to reduce the toxicity of emissions from an internal combustion engine. They were first introduced on cars in the US market for the 1975 model year to comply with tightening EPA regulations on the auto exhaust. Each catalytic converter contains between three and seven grams of platinum. Not a bad catch if you can find one legally. Catalytic converters are also used on generator sets, forklifts, mining equipment, trucks, buses, trains, and other engine-equipped machines.

    From the scrap yards, the converters make their way into the metal recycling industry, where the platinum and other precious elements, including palladium and rhodium, are removed and used to build high-tech machinery, including more catalytic converters.

    Although it is being brought to the forefront thanks to thieves stealing the catalytic converters, platinum still seems to be the big unknown in scrap metal. Some great places to find old catalytic converters for scarp are the local junkyards, online classifieds, such as Craiglist, US Freeads and Kiji. Another great place, as usual, is eBay. Some people even find them at flea markets and garage sales. The trick is once you get them, finding refiners that will pay decent scrap metal prices for the platinum. It will be less than what the price of platinum is because they have to extract it, that price is passed on to you.

    Now there is a second way to find the cheapest scrap platinum and that is through jewelry. Again the best places to find great deals on platinum jewelry are through the flee market and garage sales, followed by Craigslist, Us Freeads, Kiji, and eBay. Or if you are resourceful you can invest in a metal detector and hope for the best.

    What is so great about scrap platinum jewelry? Well, the number of knowledgeable buyers and sellers are low. Most people don’t understand that platinum jewelry is 90% platinum and that the other 10% is made up of a platinum group metal. If you call around to your local pawnshops, scrap metal dealers, junkyards, coins shops, and jewelers, you’ll find that most of them are paying about the same for platinum jewelry as 14k gold and some may pay close to what they pay for 18k gold. They are taking advantage of most of the sellers out there who just don’t understand what they have.

    If you find the cheap scrap platinum that you are looking for then your next step is to locate a platinum refiner preferably in your area and get their schedule or purchase prices. Your goal is to locate a refiner who will pay you for the “residual” values in your scrap alloy. The key is that you will need to guarantee that you’ll be providing a minimum of 10 to 12 Troy ounces to be paid for all your metal rather than just the 90% platinum.