Ancient Egypt Fish Tank Decor


    There are numerous ancient civilizations that have awesome fish tank decorations these days. These include the Mayans, Asians, and the always famous Greek ruins. Using any of these would create stunning scenes of times gone by, producing an air of wonder and discovery in your very own room.

    The one ancient civilization that I personally love to use in my tank designs is the Ancient Egyptians. Who has not seen at least a photograph of the Great Pyramids or the towering mighty Sphinx? With the cool and extremely detailed tank ornaments, you can get these days, you will be able to bring the exact replica of the Egyptian landscape into your aquarium.

    With the Egyptian tank decor, you basically have a couple of options. You could create an outdoor scene, an indoor scene, or just use Egyptian artifacts.

    To create an outdoor Egyptian scene, you would be utilizing replicas of the massive structures that are synonymous with Egypt. These would include the pyramids as well as the Sphinx. This is placed on top of sand-colored gravel to give it the impression of being in the desert. If you plan to use plants, they should not be of the leafy variety. Java Moss is one option you can look into. To make the theme work, a great idea is to place a fish tank background depicting a desert scene. This would give it a 3D effect to the whole design.

    For the indoor effect, you would use indoor structures such as Egyptian columns as well as the Pharaoh’s sarcophagus. Place them to look like a scene from an archaeological dig. The gravel would still be sand-colored. As a backdrop, you could either use one depicting Egyptian hieroglyphs or a rock face. These days you would be able to get 3D rock backgrounds where the rocks protrude out instead of a flat print. This makes them look so much more realistic. Being indoors, you would not place any plants because they might make the theme look odd. You may place rocks if you wish, just make them out to look like they came crashing down from the roof of a temple. This means simply scattering them around the decor. Try not getting smooth-faced river rocks, the ones you get should look as if they were once bricks that made up the walls.

    Egyptian artifacts are new additions to the fish tank decorating scene. The most common ones that you can find are Egyptian vases. Though they are only aquarium decor, they are made to look extremely authentic. What I love about the Egyptian vases are the holes that they always have in the side. These make awesome caves for the fish and if you have been following my posts all these years, you would know that I am big on caves for aquariums. Apart from the vases, another really cool tank ornament that I love a whole lot is a bust of Pharaoh. The bust is golden in color and looks very regal. With these ornaments, placing normal aquatic plants around them as well as using other types of gravel is not an issue.

    The key point here is that your design needs to look old. It needs to look like an archaeological photo that you might see in the National Geographic magazine. Scan the internet for images that will help you get an idea of what to go for.

    Source by Timothy Kessler

    Content Marketing Secrets of Ancient Rome


    The armies of Rome were unlike anything their neighbors had. They build an empire – one of the largest in history – on the backs of their soldiers. And what made them so superior to every fighting force in the region?

    Sure, they had the technology. Roman swords and armor were made well, I imagine.

    Useful, but not decisive.

    What really made the difference was not what the warriors carried, but who the warriors were.

    They had the best training.

    They knew how to travel.

    And they were the most disciplined.

    Romans could crush forces ten times their number. They arrived with strength, kept tight formations, and worked in unison.

    Vast barbarian hordes rushing at them didn’t stand a chance.

    There are lessons in this for any content marketer.

    The first is that your “equipment” – your words – doesn’t matter as much as you think. Sure, it’s relevant. After all, a broken sword will only do so much damage. And all things being equal, superior marketing savviness will beat any competition.

    But things are rarely equal – and “git gud” isn’t great advice while you’re still learning.

    While building your skills, you can focus on the other lessons from history.

    Because the second lesson is to know how to (metaphorically) travel. The Romans built an empire from Britain to the Middle East by being able to send troops where they needed. If there was trouble, they could bring the firepower.

    And the empire only fell once traveling became difficult.

    The marketing lesson is knowing how to deliver your content to your market. A decent piece of writing on their screen beats something amazing they’ll never see.

    That means knowing enough SEO to get people to your site. And enough about the platforms they use to get the content to them.

    The third lesson is about discipline.

    Consistent, high volumes of quality content will overwhelm anyone. And not in a “beating them into submission” way. No, people will see you as more than just another expert. Deliver this much value and you’ll always be on their minds.

    It doesn’t matter that the value has an ad in it. If people are ready to buy, they’ll buy it. If not, they’ll appreciate the content. You’ve added value to their life today.

    Just like you did yesterday and will do again tomorrow.

    This doesn’t work as well with traditional marketing. I’m not saying it won’t work – it’ll definitely get you sales. But consistently delivering content does more than just sell. It builds your brand and client loyalty. It sets you up as a leader, not a spammer.

    And in their minds, all roads lead back to you.

    Source by William T Batten

    Comparison Between Egyptian and Mesopotamian Religions and Beliefs!


    The religious beliefs of the ancient Egyptians were the dominating influence in the development of their culture. The Egyptian faith was based on a collection of ancient myths, nature worship, and innumerable deities. Sumerian lives were spent serving the gods in the form of man-made statues. There was no organized set of gods; each city-state had its patrons, temples, and priest-kings. The Sumerians were probably the first to write down their beliefs, which were the inspiration for much of later Mesopotamian mythology, religion, and astrology. Sumerians believed that the universe consisted of a flat disk enclosed by a tin dome. While the Mesopotamians didn’t have anything quit to scale with the pyramids, they did use and build ziggurats for religious purposes.

    Both civilizations were centered on religion. Egypt believed in many gods. The gods Mesopotamia believed intended to be absolute rulers to whom the people owed total devotion. In both civilizations, religious leaders were given very high status and held in high regard. Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt are two religions that believed in monotheism. Both Egypt and Mesopotamia were polytheistic, that is, they believed their worlds were ruled by more than one god. Both civilizations believed that the gods created them. Both cultures also believed that they were created to serve their gods. Both worshipers took their names from the numerous gods and the cults that honored the deities, and priests in both religions were no special clothes, and made daily offerings in the temples and held annual festivals open to the public.

    Mesopotamian religion saw humans as the servants of the gods, who had to be appeased for protection. Egyptians believed that the gods created all humans but were also controlled by the principle of maat, or order. Unlike followers of Mesopotamian religion, the Egyptians had a strong belief in the afterlife, which they expressed by building elaborate tombs such as the pyramids. The Sumerian afterlife involved a descent into a gloomy netherworld to spend eternity in a wretched existence as a Gidim (ghost). Egyptians believed that their gods had created Egypt as a sort of refuge of good and order in a world filled with chaos and disorder. The major god for much of Mesopotamia was the sky god Enlil; later the worship of Enlil was replaced by the worship of the Babylonian god Marduk. For Egyptians, Amen-Ra was the most powerful deity, chief of the pantheon. Statues of winged bulls were a protective symbol related to the god Sin Mesopotamia, while the ankh, a kind of cross with a loop at the top, was a prominent representation of life in ancient Egypt. The Enuma Elish tells the Mesopotamian story of creation and explains how Marduk became the chief of the gods. The Egyptian Book of the Dead was a guide for the dead, setting out magic spells and charms to be used to pass judgment in the afterlife. Ancient Nippur was the site of the chief temple to Enlil, while Babylon was the location of Marduk’s sanctuary. Thebes and the temple complex of Karnak were home to the worship of Amen- Ra. In the modern world, the remains of these early religions can be seen in Egypt’s pyramids, tombs for the pharaohs, and in Mesopotamia’s ziggurats, temples to the gods. The New Year’s Festival was a major event in Mesopotamian religion, while Egypt’s most important festival was Opet. Because Egypt was the “gift of the Nile” and generally prosperous and harmonious, Egyptian gods tended to reflect a positive religion with an emphasis on a positive afterlife. In contrast, Mesopotamian religion was bleak and gloomy. Ancient Mesopotamian prayers demonstrate the lack of relationships with gods and goddesses who viewed humans with suspicion and frequently sent calamities to remind everyone of their humanity. Such was the message found in the Gilgamesh Epic.

    Although the religions of both civilizations shared many similarities, the differences were vast. The most notable ones are the importance and belief of the afterlife and the relationship between Gods. Because of these differences, we believe, the civilizations were different because in early times, civilizations revolved around their beliefs and values but unfortunately, there was an end to these great civilizations.

    Source by Tanha Kate

    Greek Mythology – What the Romans Borrowed

    The Right Relationship With the Gods

    All ancient religions were about having the right relationship with the gods and not about believing the right things. The Greeks and Romans were very similar in this way. There weren’t really any heretical beliefs in this time because religion was often a more personal matter (although state religion certainly existed). Everybody had their own way of relating to the gods. They may have followed some general guidelines, but there weren’t any competing religious sects. This is the first major attribute that the Romans borrowed from the Greeks.

    The Gods: Different and The Same

    It is true that the Romans borrowed many gods from the Greeks but they almost always put their own local or national spin on these gods. An example is the Capitoline triad of gods: Jupiter, Minerva, and Juno. These gods are similar to Zeus, Athena, and Hera. These gods were seen by the Romans as gods of the Capitoline hill and gods of the city of Rome specifically. Jupiter was not the same as the Zeus worshipped in Greece.

    The Right Way to Worship

    Both Greeks and Romans sacrificed to the gods in the same way. They would make offerings of animals, other food, or libations of wine. Sacrifice coincides with the pagan belief of having a right relationship with the gods. These offerings were meant to appease the wrath and offer thanksgiving to try and sway the unknowable will of the gods.

    The Odyssey and The Aeneid

    The similarities between Greek and Roman myths are highlighted by the similarities between Homer’s Odyssey and Virgil’s Aeneid. Virgil was a Roman poet who wrote his epic poem during the reign of the emperor Augustus. The writer of the Odyssey, Homer probably wrote around 850 BC; many centuries before. The two works are very similar: they both happen after the Trojan war and they both follow the journey of former soldiers in the war. The layout of both poems is similar, but once again the Romans have taken a Greek tradition and made it their own. The Aeneid is about the discovery of the future site of Rome by Aeneas and his interactions with both gods and men along the way. While both Homer and Virgil present stories born from the Greek myth of the Trojan war, Virgil uses this classic setting to tell the story of how Rome was founded.

    In conclusion, the Romans borrowed a lot from the Greeks but we can’t overlook how they took the Greek myths and religion and made them their own.

    Source by Collin P Earnest

    Ancient Egyptian Achievements in Astronomy


    The ancient Egyptian civilization was one of the first and greatest civilizations on the whole world..and the fact that the ancient Egyptians had done many achievements which covered most sides of the human life, including the political and social improvements , as well, their advances in many scientific majors. Let’s talk now about what they have achieved in the science of astronomy.

    The Egyptians were very interested in the stars and constellations and they gave much care for that exciting science. From the Middle Kingdom, constellations were often depicted on coffins as star clocks, showing the length of time stars were visible or invisible.

    From the New Kingdom, ceilings of tombs and temples often displayed the constellation of stars. These constellations were the same as the ones we see today, but represented differently. For example, Orion was represented as a man turning his head and Ursa Major was represented as a bull’s foreleg. From the Middle Kingdom, the Egyptians were able to recognize five planets, known as stars that know no rest, which were often associated with Horus, the Egyptian god of the sky:

    * Jupiter, known as Horus who limits the two lands

    * Mars, known as Horus the red

    * Mercury, known as Sebegu (a god associated with Seth)

    * Saturn, known as Horus, bull of the sky

    * Venus, known as god of the morning

    The ancient Egyptians had used astronomy for many different practical sides..and one of their best achievements was setting the new year always to coincide with the rising of Sirius in mid-July and the annual flooding of the Nile.

    Flooding was happening every year and at the same time. The ancient astronomers and priests, noticed that the flooding always occurred at the summer solstice, which also just happened to be when the bright star Sirius rose before the sun and so, they were able to predict the annual flooding, a skill which in turn rendered them considerable power. Then they divided the year into twelve months of 30 day, followed by a five day feast period.

    In addition to this,..the Egyptians used astronomy in scheduling temple-building ceremonies, which relied on the visibility of the constellations we refer to now as the Great Bear and Orion… as well,..they could set the cardinal points for the orientation of the pyramids by observing the North Star. Finally, it is important to say that The stars were not used to predict the fate of humans in Egypt until the Ptolemaic period when the Greeks introduced astrology. The most famous zodiac in Egypt is on the ceiling at Denderah and dates to the first century AD. This zodiac displays all the familiar zodiac signs, including Leo, Aries, and Taurus.

    Source by Muhammed Khaled

    The Demotic Script of Ancient Egypt


    This script was derived from the earlier pictographic and hieroglyphic inscriptions that developed from the cursive, northern variant of the Hieratic script. As one of the languages engraved on the Rosetta Stone along with Greek and the hieroglyphs it enabled scholars to decipher the royal tongue and discover the long history of that great civilization. With the recent publication of a new dictionary in demotic Egyptologists expect to progress in the translation of the documents written in this language. This dictionary is an essential tool to review the social, political and the cultural life of Egypt during this fascinating epoch and to understand the texts drafted by the Egyptians themselves rather than their rulers, while the country progressively integrated the Greek and Roman world. It also gave an insight of how and why this ancient Egyptian language disappeared very gradually but slowly. Traces of this ancient language could be seen in words like adobe, that is derived from “tby” which represents brick in demotic and this term passing from the Arabic “al” became a definite article in Moorish Spain that later integrated in the French and English languages.

    In its written form this language is difficult to decipher as these words have no vowels, but merely consonants. Yet by surpassing this peculiarity it is interesting to discern that these translated texts were interesting and fascinating for they gave ample information specifically concerning the role of women in Egyptian society. Hence these writings also gave a detailed account of the money brought as dowry by the wife that was officially recognized by the husband. He also at the same time accepted the responsibility of looking after his wife by providing food and clothing throughout their married years. Other documents attest that women could be owners and they had the right to divorce. Moreover this form of writing was essentially used to draft business and legal documents and other financial reports for these people seemed to have preserved their tax statements and other financial archives that are also sometimes noted on shards of pottery. This language was written almost exclusively from right to left in horizontal lines and mainly in ink on papyrus while demotic inscriptions on wood and stone were also popular.

    This demotic language of the streets was slowly replaced by the Greek-derived Coptic tongue during the 4th century that was in use during the Roman times and survived until the 18th century to evolve ultimately as the language of the liturgy.

    Source by Genny Rassendren

    Transportation In Ancient Rome


    The first and most simple vehicle found in Rome was the claustrum. It was little more than a flat board carried by four wheels. The wheels were stiffly fixed to the axle and the axle itself was also fabricated tightly to the cart. This made steering of the wagon a cumbersome business and meant a very low efficiency. These problems and the fact that no supply wagon had been invented to bind the animals in the front-only the Celts had invented a balanced harness to pull with-made freight over land costly and time-consuming.

    The most impressive skill in Roman transportation was the so-called cursus publicus (something like ‘public race course’). This postal service was started by state couriers bringing information and diplomatic instructions into the far reaches of the empire. This developed relatively quickly into the organization of postal diligences that connected the various provinces. These were not public postal services as they were meant for people employed by the emperor and for the rich and powerful.

    The cursus publicus was strictly regulated as far as the size and capacity of its vehicles were concerned. Also, it was precisely specified who was allowed to drive them, for what purpose, and who was responsible for their maintenance. Because of the high cost of constructing and maintaining roads, transportation was managed per tight stipulations and great care was taken that a relative light maximum weight was allowed for the different modes of transport.

    When the Roman Empire lost its vitality, the cursus publicus became a victim of nepotism and misuse. With the demise of Roman central power, the excellent qualities of the system disappeared. Only in modern times, the cursus publicus would be matched.

    In general, transportation was carried out by ancient customs. Sailboats were given a smooth skin, instead of riveting, and a fully developed keel with front and stern. The ancient Greeks used a square or oblong sail to catch the wind and in case of headwind, they employed one or two rows of oarsmen to make headway. The Greeks were the first, as far as we know, to construct a special kind of battleship with a ram at the front. Also, they had freight ships without rowers and these, of course, were dependent on the wind. These developments were completed in the time of classical Greece. The Romans adopted both these forms without making any changes.

    The Romans devoted much more attention to their roads than to transportation by sea. They worked out a remarkable network with carefully-planned roads, both as far as the position as the construction was concerned. The road network was stretched out far and wide throughout all the provinces of the empire. Over these roads, the legions marched to wherever there was a crisis. The roads also served for the development of trade, but their primary function always remained the maintenance of the imperial dominion.

    At the zenith of the Roman power, trade was connected overland to the cultures of Europe, North Africa, Asia Minor, and even China and India. But the system of transportation depended on the Roman, Chinese and Mauritanian empires. When these great powers collapsed, the trade routes became ways of invasion for foreign hostile armies. Almost everywhere the road networks became dilapidated for centuries. Freight transport was substituted by troupes of beasts of burden that we’re able to travel those ancient roads and that were sufficient to carry the lesser stream of goods. It would last until the twelfth century before the situation was improved.

    Source by Chris Bouter

    Is Voodoo a Religion of Egypt?


    Voodoo is a religion brought to America by black slaves from Nigeria, a country that became a central resource of slavery boom for colonial powers, which all started with massive transport of slaves from West Africa to America in about the year 1500 with cruelest forms of humiliation. Of course, these human beings were not slaves, but only forcibly made that way.

    Many of them were killed and flogged to death like animals. Among the barbaric nations were Spain (which colonized countries like Cuba, Venezuela, Peru…), Portugal (Brazil), and the United Kingdom (which colonized Northern America). Other countries built their economy on slavery too, but the above ones expanded the yoke hand in hand with Christianity and with the cruelest impact on other native nations like American Indians.

    Voodoo originated in Nigeria, which has more than 250 ethnic groups – the largest one Yoruba or Igbo with a variety of religious systems such as Olorun or Vodun. Nigeria was a cradle of prehistoric civilizations such as Nok. The Nok culture had developed many years before Christ and it is known to have had contacts with the then ancient Egypt. Various archeological excavations confirm this. The Nok people used symbols that epitomized the authoritative representations of the Egyptian culture.

    Dr. Kwame Nantambu (Kent State University) says that black Africans in ancient Egypt wrote the Bible (Old Testament) as scribes, which is a fact that the Catholic Church hides from the public. Even today, in Ethiopia, you can meet “black Jews” – black Ethiopians with Judaism as their faith.

    Maybe it will surprise some people, but the Catholic Church is an organization that resembles the Roman Empire in a certain way. It is divided all over the world to provinces in the same way as the Roman Empire; it has its Emperor and a lot of the Catholic heraldry resembles the one used in the Roman Empire. Similar analogies exist in our history and Voodoo is not an exception.

    Voodoo together with some other contemporary African religions is the only living religion in the world that contains some elements of the ancient Egyptian beliefs, particularly the cult of Isis, which had been still very popular up to the 4th century AD also in Europe until Christianity became the official dogma. Logical support for the above statement is that Isis was the Goddess of Magic, which is the same element of Voodoo. Of course, there are other “magical religions”, but the cult of Isis and Voodoo (African Vodun) is territorially closer, and both very old.

    Voodoo is an offshoot of a variety of religions practiced in the then Nigeria and not only the result of the presently living Vodun in Africa, but conditioned by history in which it developed from after the year 1500 of the African continent. Presently we have a Haitian-type, but also its offshoots in other parts of Latin and Northern America.

    The basic concept of this religion is based on the magic, spirits, and worship of God. Some parts of it merged with Christianity – for example, Candomble in Brazil. Louisiana Voodoo is just another offshoot, which appeared in New Orleans. Except for Haiti, the Haitian-type Voodoo can also be found in Brazil, Trinidad, or the Dominican Republic (we could certainly mention some other countries as well).

    Voodoo as a religion can be either described from the inside or the outside and many parts of it are secretive. Voodoo is a spiritualistic religion, which means that a practitioner may be exposed to spirits or spiritual experience; some spirits can help (cure, give predictions), or harm (a curse used against an enemy). Voodoo believes that there is one God and its practitioners give a strong accent on the behavior of nature and adjust their attitudes to it accordingly. Spirits are understood to be God’s or Devil’s helpers.

    Of all mainstream religions, only Hinduism can be comparable to Voodoo, as it is open and draws its power from aboriginal cultures too. A similar practice found both in Voodoo and Hinduism is, for example, Kolam or Rangoli – the Hindu traditional pictures drawn on the ground (auspicious signs), either on the floor or in front of the threshold. Another similarity between Hinduism and Voodoo is the belief in snake people. Hindus believe in the Nagas and have Naga Gods (like Khodiyar Maa); practitioners of Voodoo have a snake god (or god closely associated with snakes) called Damballah Wedo.

    Voodoo as religion became famous with its Zombies, which are mentally dead persons (made such by a Voodoo sorcerer). In association with Voodoo, we can also meet with the term Hoodoo, but the difference is like between a religion and practice (or Wicca and Witchcraft).

    Voodoo has spirits, gods, and goddesses (like Erzulie), but its Egyptian aspect probably survived in the form of Goddess Yemaya – Yoruban Orisha or Goddess of the ocean, which was brought to America by the African Diaspora. Yemaya brings fish to the fishermen and her sign is the crescent moon, which gives us a strong association with Hindu Goddess Durga. In Brazilian Candomble, she is known by the above name, which may slightly differ (Yemanja); in the Haitian Voodoo, she is worshipped as the goddess of the moon.

    Voodoo is a religion not to play with. It must be approached with respect and not with derision, otherwise, we may soon find out that its power works. The consequences can be either good or bad.

    Source by Juraj Sipos

    The Influence of Ancient Roman Baths in Today’s Spa


    Going to the spa after a long, hectic day is a great way to unwind and relax in a soothing hot tub or spa. When it comes to a relaxing soak in a hot tub, we can look back to the Romans when bathing was a common daily public social event. Bathing in Rome was a communal activity practiced by even those among the extremely wealthy. The upper class could afford bathing facilities in their own homes but preferred socializing in public facilities. The larger facilities could hold up to 3,000 bathers and required a small fee.

    Like modern spas of today, Roman baths were a place to meet, socialize, seal business deals, and courting took place. To grasp the popularity of public bathing in Rome experts have documented 952 baths of various sizes dating back to around 354 AD. Roman baths varied in size and amenities. Bathhouses usually enclosed a courtyard with an open-aired garden used for exercising. Some bathhouses had swimming pools, gymnasiums, libraries, and reading rooms, booths selling food and perfume, and a stage for musical and theatrical productions.

    The Greek’s began a bathing routine that formed the foundation for today’s modern spa. Public baths were located within gymnasiums complexes and were used for relaxation and socializing. Sacred pools located near natural springs were considered blessed by the gods to cure disease. The Spartans developed vapor baths, and the Serangeum’s built bathing chambers fed by hot springs. The Romans imitated many of the Greek bathing practices building larger and more complex bathing facilities.

    Today, spas resemble some of the same designs as a Roman bathhouse and have gained in popularity. Gymnasiums, exercise areas, steam rooms, saunas, hot tubs, and swimming pools to name a few are found in most spas. People frequent the spa to not only exercise, relax in a hot tub or have a massage, but also to meet friends, socialize, and even seal business deals. A popular way to end a busy day is to once again head for the spa and relax in a hot tub to socialize in today’s public bath.

    Source by Chris Eide

    Egypt : Land Before Time


    In recent years, the number of people touring Egypt has slowly dwindled. This is most likely due to the violence in the Middle Eastern region and the few bombings and kidnappings that have occurred in recent years. However, these cases are pretty much isolated, and the thousands of people who visit Egypt every year thoroughly enjoy their experience there.

    Egypt is famous for a lot of things, from their exotic perfumes, fine cotton, and the mysteries of mummification and their ancient religion. However, I would like to focus on the architectural and engineering wonders of the Egyptian civilization. When the tribes in Europe and Africa were still building huts and shelters, the Egyptians have already constructed monstrous monuments hundreds of feet in height and width. It is this superiority that has elevated the ancient Egyptian civilization as one of the greatest civilizations in the world.

    The Great Pyramids of Giza

    By far the most famous of Egypt’s architectural wonders are the 3 Great Pyramids located at Giza, near Cairo. These monuments are hundreds of feet in height and have survived the test of time for the last 4500 years. There are over a hundred pyramids of various sizes in Egypt, and more in neighboring Sudan. These monuments serve as tombs for the great pharaohs of ancient Egypt and stand as testimony to the power and influence of these pharaohs.

    When you stand at the bottom of the Great Pyramids, looking up at their magnificence, the feeling is indescribable. You begin to wonder just how the ancient people managed to construct this huge structure with only the help of the simple tools available at that time. And this feeling of awe intensifies when you take the opportunity to descend into the pyramids via the original entrances that were used thousands of years ago. When you touch the walls of the now-empty tombs beneath the pyramids, you will feel as if you were there thousands of years ago when the tombs were freshly carved. (One warning: You might not want to enter the pyramids if you are claustrophobic!)

    The Sphinx

    Next to the Great Pyramids at Giza is the enigmatic Sphinx. A gigantic statue with the head of a man and the body of a lion, the great Sphinx stares silently at the east, perhaps watching the sunrise, or perhaps protecting the great pyramids from whatever evils that may threaten to destroy them. The Sphinx is just as old as the pyramids, aging over 4500 years (or more, depending on which group of archaeologists you believe).

    Almost everyone has heard of the Sphinx with its missing nose, and some might wonder how he lost his nose. (Do not believe what you saw in the Disney cartoon Aladdin) Almost everyone has seen many pictures, or perhaps the Discovery channel, showing the Sphinx from various angles. But you have to visit it, to stand there right next to it, to realize why both the Sphinx and the Pyramids are the most famous man-made structures in the world. Just the front paw of the Sphinx is larger than a human being!

    The Wonders of the Nile

    The architectural wonders of ancient Egypt are not limited to those at Giza. As you travel along the Nile River (incidentally the longest river in the world), you will come across other monuments. Chief of these is the Valley of Kings near Luxor. It is here that many kings from many of the ancient Egyptian dynasties were entombed. Each tomb is unique and is a wonder in its own right. Unfortunately, most of the treasure that was entombed with the pharaohs has long been stolen by tomb raiders. Only the well-hidden tomb of Tutankhamun managed to survive more or less intact to this day.

    Further south, near the town of Aswan, are the famous temples of Abu Simbel. Constructed during the reign of Ramses II, better known as Ramses the Great, these two temples feature much-larger-than-life statues guarding the entrances. And beautiful hieroglyphs still adorn the walls of the temples.

    The few monuments I’ve mentioned are just a small fraction of the many wonders that can be found in Egypt. If you have any interest in ancient civilizations or want to know more about the wonders of ancient Egypt, you owe it to yourself to visit this ancient land before its wonders are eventually swept away by the sands of time.

    Source by Steven N. Ng